Documentation and monitoring. For child rights governance to be effective, governments and citizens need to know about children’s lives and what the reality looks like from children’s perspectives. Disaggregated data on children’s situations as well as children’s views must be collected, analyzed and disseminated. Save the Children supports existing independent bodies and government institutions to do so and also supports civil society organisations and governments to conduct a child rights situation analysis (CRSA). This data must then inform government and our practice and policy to improve the situation of children.
Resources. Budget allocation and spending are valid indicators of political will and therefore should be monitored. It can be at national level or local level. Such analysis can then be used to advocate for increased resources to be allocated to children’s issues.
Supporting independent institutions for children’s rights Where independent institutions for children’s rights exists (e.g. ombudsperson for children), Save the Children supports and work together with these to strengthen their capacity and independence.
Children’s ombudsperson. Development of independent institutions that can hold governments to account for child rights are a significant step forward in advancing child rights governance.
UN Reporting process. At the international level States are held to account by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC reporting) and to the Human Rights Council (Universal Periodic Review reporting) to whom they submit reports on their performance. By preparing so-called ‘alternative’ or ‘supplementary’ reports civil society has established a complementary and critical view, where children’s views are included, to governments’ own reports. Over time the reporting process has created important leverage for political and progressive change.
Engaging with regional child rights or human rights bodies. Regional bodies play an increasingly important role in terms of monitoring and supporting the implementation of national child rights obligations. For instance the African Committee on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the European Union, ASEAN in South East Asia and SAARC in South Asia.