Legal frameworks

Existing Laws and Ratified Conventions Concerning Child Protections

International level

* Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference of Geneva of 1974-1977.1

* Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.2

* Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 8 June 1977.3

* Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. Signed not ratifed. 4

* Convention of the OAU for the Elimination of Mercenarism in Africa. Libreville, 3rd July 1977. Signed not Ratified.5


* Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Geneva, 10 October 1980. 6

* Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II). Geneva, 10 October 1980. 7

* Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices as amended on 3 May 1996 (Protocol II to the 1980 Convention as amended on 3 May 1996). 8

* Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Ratified 7 Jul 1950. 9

* International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Ratified 15 Sep 1967. 10

* International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Ratified 7 Jul 1974. 11

* International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Ratified 23 Oct 1986. 12

* Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Ratified 22 Aug 1989. 13

* Convention on the non-applicability of statutory limitations to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Ratified 15 May 1973. 14

* International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. Ratified 26 Jan 1978. 15

* Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Ratified 5 Aug 1981. 16

* Amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Ratified 12 Nov 2003. 17

* Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Ratified 12 Nov 2003. 18

* Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.Ratified 18 Jun 1986.19

* Amendments to articles 17 (7) and 18 (5) of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Ratified 27 Nov 1996. 20

* Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Ratified 21 Aug 1990. 21

* Amendment to article 43 (2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Ratified 14 Jan 1989. 22

* Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. Ratified 26 Aug 2003. 23

* Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
Ratified 28 May 2002. 24

* Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty. Ratified 20 Nov 2007. 25

* International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families. Ratified 5 Jul 1995. 26

* Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Ratified 15 Apr 2008. 27

* ILO Minimum Age Convention (No. 138) Ratified in 1998. 28

* ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, (No. 182)
Ratified in 2000. 29

Regional level

National level

*Child and Youth Welfare Code
*The Family Code
*The Barayngay-Level Total Development and Protection of Children Act
*The Rooming in and Breastfeeding Act
*The Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education Act
*The Special Protection Act
*The Civil Code
*The Revised Penal Code
*The Labour Code 30

*Philippines Rule On Examination of a Child Witness (2000) 31